Beginning in the early 20th century and progressing rapidly since the 1950s, large-scale water works have created engineered rivers. In dry-land basins, on which we focus, they control flooding and provide water and energy to farms, cities and industry. Yet, they face numerous challenges.
Our interdisciplinary team studies how natural and social conditions in ten arid or semi-arid river basins with thriving irrigated agriculture and growing populations will change between now and 2060.
Climate change, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007a, 2013), refers to the identified change in climate including the mean and variability, lasting for decades or even longer, as a result of natural internal or external drivers (eg: anthropogenic intervention).
Notes on Climate Change and Arid Basins Adaptation, Inevitability and Types of Major Effects reflects on how adaptation in arid/semi-arid basins might differ from adaptation under other climatic/hydrological conditions.
Selected indicators to gauge basin management per integrated water resource management principles.
Rates of siltation vary considerably from country to country, within river basins, and from reservoir to reservoir, depending upon surficial geology, watershed landuse, and hydro-meteorology.
The Rio Grande, called the Río Bravo (del Norte) in Mexico, is the fifth largest river on the North American continent.
SERIDAS River Basin Study Phase I - Nile Basin: Current conditions, history and plans document.
High quality water supplies are critical for municipal uses and irrigation activities. Managing surface and groundwater quality and quantity effectively is becoming more and more important as human population continues to grow and the threat of drought persists.
In this report, two fundamental lenses are used to examine the issue of water and FSN. The first is the human rights framework, particularly the rights to food and water, and how these two rights intersect and support each other.
"The two greatest rivers of the Eurasian landscape, namely the Euphrates and the Tigris originate in a particular climatic and topographic zone (i.e., Turkey) and end up in quite a different one (i.e., Persian Gulf).
The iconic Colorado River and its tributaries may be the most heavily managed and legally contested in the world.
For the SERIDAS project, the semiarid Central Chilean region was selected as its water bodies are highly modified to irrigate intensive agriculture and water resources availability is expected to decrease due to climate change triggered temperature rise and seasonal precipitation shifts.
This issue paper is intended to list—not analyze—tasks, concerns and solutions related to water governance (water policy, water management) in arid/semi-arid basins.
Water budgeting is one of the fundamental activities underlying the management of water resources (as well as much of the science of hydrology).
This article will focus on the aspects of future climate change that are likely to be important for the evolution of parameters relevant to engineered river basins.
The Murray-Darling Basin Authority has prepared this Basin Plan for subparagraph 44(2)(c)(ii) of the Water Act 2007.
Growing water extractions from agriculture and urban uses combined with emerging demands for environment protection are increasing competition for scarce water resources worldwide, especially in arid and semiarid regions.
The Júcar River Basin District (RBD) has an irregular hydrology characteristic of Mediterranean basins. Drought and flood episodes are highly common within its territory, even during the same year, and the balance between water supply and demand is very fragile.
One approach for dealing with climate change is to adapt operations so that they produce successfully under altered climate.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports that climate change has occurred and is going to continue, driven by both past and future greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The report entails tasks, concerns and solutions related to water governance (water policy, water management) in arid/semi-arid basins.
This document is a summary of Nile Basin characteristics.